is an ancient Chinese discipline of movement which
hepls to develop inner energy and stimulates its free
flow in all the body.
Its practice mainly consists in performing a series
of slow and circular movements which remind a silent
dance, but in fact they mime the fight with an imaginary
This continuous sequence of movements aims to guide
blood circulation so that tissues in every part of
the body can benefit by it. Furthermore movements
leading breath in and out lungs assure a bigger quantity
of oxygen, that nourishes and gives energy to our
organism, to be taken.
Mind must be relaxed but attentive, consciously commanding
body to combine strenght and kindness, eleminating
contractions and rigidity so that movement is calm
and body is solid and strong.
In fact Taijiquan,
at first self - defence discipline (Taijiquan = Fist
of Supreme Energy), as centuries went by turned into
a refined exercise for health and into both mental
and physical well-being.
Historical origins of Taijiquan
are not precise and mingled with myth and legend.
Il would have been a daoist monk of the 13. Century,
Chang San Feng, the one who gathered the techniques
of this art (also known as "the dance of life") which
go back to the beginning of Chinese civilization:
- Self-defence and daoist meditation techniques ;
- Respiration techniques (Qi Gong = work on energy);
- the ancient therapeutic exercises of the Yellow
Emperor (Dao Yin);
philosophy of "I Ching", the principles of Dao and
the theory of five elements upon which traditional
Chinese medicine in based. As centuries went by different
style of Taijiquan,
named after the families who elaborated them, have
been worked out. Nowadays the most famous and widespread
, even in western countries, is Yang style codified
in the early 1800 by Master Yang Lu-Chang.
Both in China and in the United States Taijiquan
and Qi Gong have been introduced
in some hospitals in which it turned out that the
practice of these techniques improves the operation
of cardio-vascular system, endocrine one and pulmonary
one and is also good for sight -, nervous system -
and psycho - motorious troubles. Taijiquan
has been used to cure some pathologies typical to
old age such as: arthrosis, lumbar sciatica, discal
hernias, hearth troubles, insomnia, essential hipertension;
moreover it is used as a technique for a painless
delivery and as an antistress technique.
can be applied to many different fields: Taijiquan,
besides for psycho
- motorious recovery, is suitable for psycho
- physical preparation of actors and dancers, other
martial arts practisers and sportsmen.